Parents
Father & Mother
Parents
Hans & Madalen
Husband:
Name: Jacob Hirtzel
 
Birth Date: 1580
Birth Place: Pfäffikon, Zurich, Switzerland
 
Death Date: x
Death Place: x
Wife:
Name: Madalena Bosshart Keller
 
Birth Date: 11 Feb 1581
Birth Place: Altorff, Zurich, Switzerland
 
Death Date: 2 Aug 1601
Death Place: Pfäffikon, Zurich, Switzerland
      Marriage Date: 1601
      Location: Switzerland
Children:
  1. Hans Heinrich Hirtzel
Notes:
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
Name: Jacob Hirzel
Gender: male
Birth Place: SW
Birth Year: 1580
Spouse Name: Madalena Bosshart Keller
Spouse Birth Year: 1581
Number Pages: 1

 
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
Name: Jacob Hirtzel
Gender: male
Birth Place: SW
Birth Year: 1581
Spouse Name: Madelena Keller
Marriage
Year: 1601
Marriage State: SW
Number Pages: 1
Notes:
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900
Name: Madalena Bosshart Keller
Gender: female
Birth Year: 1581
Spouse Name: Jacob Hirzel
Spouse Birth Place: SW
Spouse Birth Year: 1580
Number Pages: 1

 
Millennium File-Dependency Database2
(Ancestry.com)
Name: Madalen Keller
Spouse: Jacob Hirzel
Birth Date: 1581
Birth country: Switzerland
Death Country: Switzerland
Parents: Hans Keller, Madalen Bosshart
Children: Hans Heinrich Hirzel
Other Information: Notes
Notes About Madalena Bosshart Keller
Originally submitted by GenevaSwis to Hodnett-Price-Gauthier-Normand (Ancestry.com) and more on 8 Nov 2007
 
From a book on "Herm. Brunggers" and that family, page photocopied by Genealogist J. Arnold of Zurich contains an interesting and revealing statement of life of the peasant at that time, and before, of Heinrich - A. Anthony and Hans (Johannes) Keller, of the serfdom of these people, being at this beginning of the 16trh century somewhat less than it was in the Middle Ages. It states that this family were serfs to the Master of the Cloister Ruti and subject to such Masters, many of whom were Free Citizens. It then states that Hans Keller, the Miller, and his wife Madalen Bosshart, after his death, here son George Keller had to pay 1 Pound 4 Schillings to satisfy the obligation for the death. The children inherited the bondage from the mother- Madalen Bosshart Keller, who then married Jacob Hirzel. It goes on further to state, "The rate of bondage has come less since the Middle Ages, the main reason being the influence of the Church, and has significantly improved".
 
"Originally their Right and Worth (the accumulated chattels) was but little more than owning a head of cattle but not permitted to sell or exchange it, they were not free of their Master's impunity and surveillance. They could not own their own land and must be under his jurisdiction, nor any parcel of land they built on could be owned but had to pay rental and in addition must give one or more days work to the Master on his property weekly, as ones duty to the Master".
 
"The same man had a fear of his life concerning his wife and family and family because of these obligations as a serf to his Master. Ater his death the Master could claim his whole real and personal property, thus to satisfy his interest he could claim his best clothing or his best head of cattle as that which the Master has a right to claim at the serf's death".

This clearly shows that our forefathers of the "Keller family we're here recording through the 16th centurey were serfs, near slaves, in the Kloster Ruti.

------By J. Arnold. Zurich, Switzerland, October 3, 1971